en.infoglobe.cz » Ukraine, Uzhorod – The Paradise of Architecture of the First Czechoslovak Republic

Ukraine, Uzhorod – The Paradise of Architecture of the First Czechoslovak Republic

Published: 18.1.2018
Those who love architecture of the first Czechoslovak republic must see Uzhorod, Ukraine. There are structures by many famous Czechoslovak architects and many in their original state. Something what might be called a national art was one of the things holding and buttressing the idea of unified Czechoslovakia.

Carpathian Ruthenia became part of Czechoslovakia right after it declared independence on October 28, 1918. Uzhorod was political and cultural center of thisjeden z domů ve čtvrti Malé Galago region troubled by economic, technological and cultural backwardness. Yet Czechoslovak government was determined to change this. Local standards of living were absolutely different from the rest of the country. To smoothen such differences across the country, financial funds streamed to Carpathian Ruthenia to finance construction of buildings, railways, roads, airports, and many Czechs arrived in the region to "elevate" it. Networks of schools and hospitals were built to tackle low literacy levels and improve hygiene and health of the population. Seats of governmental institutions were constructed in Uzhorod. Moreover, it was necessary to build accomodation to all the new government officials. Therefore, by the river Uzh Little Galago district was built. It is very similar to Dejvice district, Prague.

jeden z domů ve čtvrti Malé Galago

Czech architects worked these tasks. They intended to spread the idea of Czechoslovakia through art. If you love the architecture of the first Czechoslovak Republic you will love Uzhorod. Moreover, there are many original details which have withstood time long time. The historical documents point out to the fact that Czech architects designed new development and adjustments to urban plan of Uzhorod after the year 1918. Josef Gocar was by far the most important architect of them. He had already overcame his cubist period so expect more straightforward lines. He designed local department store Bata and the building of the post. The corner facade of the post office is particularly underlined.

Gočárova pošta   řeka Už, lipová alej, v pozadí most TGM

The design of the new district for officials called Little Galago was designed by the architect Adolf Liebscher Jr., the son of the painter Adolf Liebscher. Liebscher applied classicist style and, in some cases, rondocubism (even though it was quite stripped down). Rondocubism with all its arches, semi-circles, or targets on the facade which represented the architectonic style used for official buildings of the state. Also, Liebscher made use of the regulated right riverbenk of the Uzh river and planted a lime alley, the longest in Europe as it has been claimed.

František Krupka, budova zemského úřadu   František Šrámek, the branch of the Czechoslovak National Bank, Pushkin's (formerly Tyrs) square

Masaryk school

If you start talking with somebody older, you will realize that they fondly remember President T. G. Masaryk and the Czechoslovak era. The T. G. Masaryk Club here is a compatriot society which brought back some names (Masaryk School) or unveiled the busta of Masaryk. In case you want to see some more remnants of the Czechoslovak past in Uzhorod, visit a cafe/museum in Ivan Olbrach street.

Olbracht street   the café in Olbracht street

GPS: (letiště) 48°38'12.7"N 22°16'22.4"E

Text and photos: Kateřina Holečková



Discussion at the article (0)


Related Articles

Slovakia: Michalovce I. - back to history
Published: 1.12.2011
The three-part series will introduce capital region Zemplin. Let's start chronologically with history of Michalovce, move the sights and contemporary narrative culminates in Michigan.

The Zakarpattia Region – From As to Jasina is Our Homeland
Published: 15.10.2018
In the era of the First Czechoslovak Republic, the borders of our territory did not end in eastern Slovakia. Czechoslovakia also possessed the region of the Zakarpattia Ukraine, a territory rather known as the Carpathian Ruthenia, but the current official name is the Zakarpattia region. Whatever we call this corner of Ukraine, one is sure - lovers of nature will be enchanted by it.

The Zakarpattia Region – The Lake of Miserable Lovers
Published: 22.10.2018
There is one of the most picturesque places in the Zakarpattia region. It is called Sinavirsko Lake. Its tags points out to its status - the Pearl of the Transcarpathian Sea or the Sea Eye. Already these names suggest that this is an extraordinary place to which a sad legend is attached. The whole area falls under the Sinavir National Park.

Zakarpattie Region, Kolocava – Following the Traces of an Outlaw
Published: 29.10.2018
What do you think about when somebody mentions the Zakarpattie Region? I think mostly people would say: Kolocava. This little village is known to us from the book Nikola Suhaj Loupeznik. It is situated in the Sinavir National Park. By the way, you can also speak Czech there. Common Czechoslovak history has lured here more and more Czechs.

East Slovakia, Vihorlat I – Into the Wild
Published: 6.12.2015
The Vihorlat (or the Vihorlat Hills) is a volcanic mountain range south of the Bukovske Hills. Majority of this mountain range formed in the Neogene. Its geomorphological formation finished about 9 million years ago.

Eastern Slovakia, Vihorlat II – Into the Wild
Published: 13.12.2015
The weather in the following morning was amazing and sunny. Upon packing all of our things we set off. Following the yellow tourist trail we reached a red route. Then we followed the green route which got us to Polana. There we climbed an unmarked trail up to the summit of the Vihorlat, the peak of the day.

Place

Czech republic

Partner:

Vyžaduje Adobe Flash Player

Partners:

We were awarded the certificate even thanks to you!

Dôveryhodná firma 2017

 

Guide:

Important Information:

Information and warnings on travelling abroad is to be found HERE.

Mobile application:

aplikácia Infoglobe

stiahnuť zadarmo pre Androidstiahnuť zadarmo pre iPhone

 

 

Today:friday 16. 11. 2018
Holiday:Otmar
Today:
friday 16.11.
7 °C
Tomorrow:
saturday 17.11.
6 °C