en.infoglobe.cz » Hagia Sofia In Istanbul

Hagia Sofia In Istanbul

Published: 26.10.2009
Hagia Sophia, the Church of Holy Wisdom, in past the holiest building in Constantinople, capital of Byzantion Empire, is shocking, first of all, with its high and wide inside spaceas well as illumination effects, making an impression that the cupola is rising in an air.

„It seems that the cupola is not anchored on earth but it is hanging in golden chains from sky“, so the contemporaneous chronicler described a view of new church, on occasion of its consecration in 537. From windows in side-walls, as well as from cupola, the light enters inside and illuminates all surfaces of inside space of the church. No contrasts of light and dark exist, only half-light prevails, and this fact brings solemny state of mind. The cupola of Hagia Sophia Church has a diameter of 31 metres. It does not belong to biggest constructions of Ancient times, but it seems to be the most courageous cupola of that time. Byzantion way of cupola construction went out from an effort that the eyes of believers could stare at upstairs, in order to approach near to sky and near to God. So, in Hagia Sophia Church, there were gathered all technical and artistic ways of experience from church constructions in West - and East Roman Empire. So, the connection of basilica (longitudinal buidings) and central buildings of West type. Great number of semi-cupolas and side-cupolas is rising up to main cupola.

Hagia Sophia

In Byzantion Empire, the inside space involved rich mosaic decoration, however, only some rests were preserved till now. The figures on mosaics are situated in front of unit golden background, turned towards an observer with frontal part, so they act too immovably. As far as the theme of these mosaics are concerned, there was a picturing of Christian legends. East-Roman Emperor Yustinian I. got an order for building of this marvellous church in 532 („the church of a beauty which was not before and would never be in the future“), after a moment, when the old church of St.Sophia, (built during rule of Emperor Constantine the Great, within 326-360, and destroyed during Nike uprising in 532). Yustinian wished that his power in East Roman Empire could be also documented with artistic works, too. So, church construction could prove a power of Roman Empire, as well as Emperor´s extraordinary position in Jesus Christ teaching.

Hagia SophiaHagia SophiaHagia Sophia

So, Yustinian nominated Anthemis of Trall, mathematician, and builder Isidor of Milet, to effect the building of this church. The construction was financed from profits of three hundred of Emperor´s large estates and generous gifts of monarch. Thanks to this fact, the building was effected ahead quite quickly. However, in 1453, the Turks conquested Constantinople, and declared it as capital of Ottoman Empire. This fact meant for Hagia Sophia the destruction of Byzantion Empire. The church was changed into Mosque at the same time. Just within 15th and 16th centuries, four minarets were added to the building. The Ottomans made the reconstruction of this building, damaged by several earthquakes in past. Anyway, they effected little changes in church interior. Along the walls, there were hung the curtains with Prophet´s name, as well as Koran chapters were settled there. The mosaics presenting Christian themes were covered  with plaster. Nevertheless, just in 19th century, old Byzantian mosaics were discovered again.

Hagia Sophia

As Islam does not allow to present the pictures, all figure mosaics had to be covered again with white colour. Nevertheless, in 1930, these marvellous mosaics were uncovered with definite validity. In 1934, Kemal Ataturk, Turkish President, decided that Hagia Sophia will be definitively changed into a Museum. Building style of Hagia Sophia had persistent influence for another buildings. The art of Yustinian time period gave Middle Age art of East as well as West Europe its special form (face). Many Ottoman builders took over the Byzantion style of cupolas and developped it later into new used forms.

Hagia Sophia

Text: J. Štantejský and Monumente der Welt

Foto: Wikimedia Commons, Saperaud, JoJan - č. 2, č. 3, č. 4, č. 5                           

Discussion at the article (0)

Related Articles

Topkapi palace
Published: 18.10.2008
Topkapi Palace, oficially named as Palace with Cannon Gate, was living nerve of Ottoman Empire in past. It was an official seat of Ottoman sultans and government centre of the Empire within 1465 and 1853. It is situated on place of Greek town of Byzantium, later re-named to Constantinople and consequently Istanbul.

Turkey: Istanbul-A Life In The City-VIDEO
Published: 30.11.2010
The cars on highway from Sabiha Airport, distant from Istanbul city a couple of kilometres, move slowly ahead. So, it is time enough for the first quick acquaintance with the biggest Turkish town and way of life there.

Turkey: Istanbul
Published: 8.12.2012
One of the most important cities of the world – that is Istanbul with its 16,5 million inhabitants. This city is the only one that is located on two continents – Europe and Asia.

Turkey: From Köprülü to Ephesus
Published: 15.12.2012
Lets leave gray everydayness and take off on a flying carpet to the Köprülü National Park. There we will stay overnight in a pleasant camp by a river and on the next day we will move off to the spring of the Köprüçay River. After this we will continue through Antalya and Pamukkale to Dres.

Turkey: In Caravan On the Silk Road
Published: 29.12.2012
Have you ever heard of the Silk Road? Do you know how long it is or its route? We will join one caravan and will see… We won’t start in China where the Silk Road begins because it would take us 9000 kilometers to its end in Istanbul. Except for Marco Polo not many people walked it through whole. Majority of merchants used just were using a part of the Silk Road, from bazar to bazar where they bought and sold goods.


Czech republic


We were awarded the certificate even thanks to you!

Dôveryhodná firma 2017



Important Information:

Information and warnings on travelling abroad is to be found HERE.

Mobile application:

aplikácia Infoglobe

stiahnuť zadarmo pre Androidstiahnuť zadarmo pre iPhone



Today:monday 26. 10. 2020
monday 26.10.
12 °C
tuesday 27.10.
7 °C