en.infoglobe.cz » SVK: Ľubietová - Old Mining Town

SVK: Ľubietová - Old Mining Town

Published: 22.12.2011
Picturesque village on middle Slovak with a peculiar name can be found halfway between the towns of the district of Banská Bystrica and March. Ľubietová lies on the border of Slovak Red Mountains and the Central Lubietová Vepor. Stream Hutná flows through it, which is a left bank tributary of the Hron river.

Vepor of Lubietová

Southeast of Ľubietová there is a natural reserve, situated on the ridge of hills Vepor (1277 m) and Hump (1255 m). Lubietov Vepor is part of the protected area of ​​Polana. Protected element of the reservation communities are -  beech fir, but there are also rare species of flora from the world (orchids, bearded, daphne, lily, and pasque etc.) and fauna (gaudy eagle, eagle owl, spotted salamander, newt Carpathian and others).

On Vepor is located the intersection 19033 'east and 48040' north latitude, this place is considered the geographic centre of Slovakia.

Establishment of Ľubietová

Archaeological finds from the year 1959 in a limestone cave near Ľubietová suggest that settlement of this area was ever in the Eneolithic (late Stone Age).

In the 5th and 6 century came to our territory, the Slavs who settled here permanently. They fed, in addition to agriculture and crafts ore surface mining method, or dug pits, are derived from what some of the land - Yams, Jamešná.

The Tartar invasions of the 13th century relates the sad reputation, coupled with the emergence of Valley Women's title, according to which women and children sheltered from the Tatars in the nearby mines. When Tartars failed to elicit the out, they made a fires in front of mines and smother all inside.

The first written mention of the town is charter of 1241, which mentions Lwbete villa.

Ľubietová history from the period just after the unknown, further reference is to the advancement of the city of King Louis the Great in 1379 The further history of the rulers got Ľubietová different rights (mill, slaughterhouse, spa house) and freedom (from paying tolls, ground movements, free trade) for its citizens. In the 16th and 17 century village suffered from Turkish invasions, insurgencies, ethnic strife and plague epidemics.

In 1564 on the square was built castle, which was originally intended to defend against the Ottoman Empire. Until it is, however, the Turks never got. The name recalls the location above the village - Picture - is the place where the Turks came closest in the past there was a picture painted on the plate. Turkish war remands also the legend of the hero Vavro Brezulovi who is one of the book hero of writer Božena Němcová.
An important milestone in the history of Ľubietová was in the revolutionary years 1848 - 1849 Hurbanov uprising, which began at the initiative of coming right away.


Mining and metallurgy

In the past Ľubietová was famous by wealth of ore. Mined here are gold, copper and iron ore, the raw material was the most important copper ore. The last mention of the extraction is from 1872. After the decline of produce copper the city focused on the extraction and processing of iron ore. In 1692 there was even built the first blast furnace in Hungary and in the local foundry components were produced the first steam engine from 1722, which originated in New Bana and served on pumping water from mines.

Pottery

After the decline of mining is started develop agriculture and crafts. Thanks to the quality of pottery with pottery came to the fore. Local potters produced more than 50 kinds of products especially in the winter and spring, leaving the homes to sell their products in the markets. Pottery it is past now.

Beekeeping

Beekeeping has a long tradition in the vicinity of the village Ľubietová. From time immemorial belonged to the collection of wild honey bees from inside the hollow tree, next to agriculture, hunting and fishing among the main sources of livelihood in the area. In addition to households, the city operated a factory farm bee Čelience since 1716.

Historical monuments

In the village there are many cultural monuments of national importance. The first of them is the Evangelical Church of Augsburg Confession, which is located in the village since 1807. Its reconstruction took place in the summer of 1899 and brought the church of pseudo-elements. Today, temple has only the original walls. In the church, among other things, you can see copper baptismal font and chandelier, donated by church workers from Podbrezová, Hronca, Lubietovská Huť.

Another gem of Lubietová is Roman Catholic Church of St. Mary Magdalene standing in the north of the village. The original church was mentioned already in the 14th century. Today he recalls only a Gothic entrance portal, otherwise the temple built in the Baroque style (bears elements). The main entrance is an imposing tower, standing on two massive pillars and the whole church is surrounded by a wall that would have needed repair.

On the square stands a statue by sculptor Joseph Messerschmidt Ihrinského Quarter of 1934 which is memory of man who helped in the enhancement the place before the First World War.

Also noteworthy is the Chapel of St. Jan of Nepomuk or Rococo burgher house situated in the village. 
Today he lives Ľubietová many cultural and social events, sporting events, markets and various folk performances. The local folklore is known particularly for its cooper's dance, which has no precedent and the Slovak Republic is a relic from the times of the German colonization of mining towns. Surroundings attracts people enthusiasts by travel in nature and breathtaking views of the surrounding hills.

Text: Zuzana Megerssová



Discussion at the article (0)


Related Articles

SK, Rimavska Sobota: Gemersko-Malohont Museum
Published: 22.10.2017
This time we go to Rimavska Sobota. There we visit the fifth oldest museum in Slovakia – The Gemersko-Malohont Museum. We take a look at its permanent exhibitions which take you to amazing history.

SVK: Motyčky - A Place For Active Relaxation
Published: 12.1.2012
The village with about 120 inhabitants you have certainly missed, if you ever travel cross mountain pass over Donovaly between Ružomberok and Banská Bystrica.

SVK: Malachov
Published: 24.11.2011
At first glance you might village Malachov located in the middle in Slovak republic considered one of the local part of Banska Bystrica. Appearances are deceptive in this case.


Related Photogallery

SK, Turecka – Traditional Krnacek Races
The following photos, we will introduce you to the traditional Krnacek races, which take place ev...

Place

Czech republic

Partner:

Vyžaduje Adobe Flash Player

Partners:

We were awarded the certificate even thanks to you!

Dôveryhodná firma 2017

 

Guide:

Important Information:

Information and warnings on travelling abroad is to be found HERE.

Mobile application:

aplikácia Infoglobe

stiahnuť zadarmo pre Androidstiahnuť zadarmo pre iPhone

 

 

Today:thursday 20. 6. 2019
Holiday:Květa