» CZ, Mikulčice: Slavic Fortified Settlement - A Touch of History
CZ, Mikulčice: Slavic Fortified Settlement - A Touch of History
On the territory of the South Moravian village Mikulčice there is one of the most important archeological sites in the Czech Republic, which is undoubtedly related to the early history of our state. Hradiště belonged to the important fortifications of the settlements of Great Moravia and was one of the important centers of power and spirituality. Near Slovanské hradiště there is also a cycle path along the Morava River and a new bridge has been built there, which leads directly to the Slovak side.
Hradiště in Mikulčice, with an area of 10 hectares, lies about 3 kilometers southeast of the village Mikulčice. The site is a protected national cultural monument, and was even nominated for inclusion on the UNESCO World Heritage List, but in the end, unfortunately, unsuccessfully. It is a unique place, whose life closed several thousand years ago and was untouched by other historical events, so it managed to keep its secrets until the 20th century.
The foundations of a noble palace, twelve churches, three bridges and over 2,500 graves located in the then burial ground were found in the area surrounded by fortifications. At the time, the Mikulčice fortified settlement was allegedly a water castle, which was surrounded by individual branches near the flowing Morava River.
The very first museum exposition was held in Mikulčice in 1960, in the premises of the original ground floor building. During 2015, a new visitor center was built, which adopted the concept of the original exhibition. In the premises of the new center, there is currently a new model of the fortified settlement, or its appearance from the 9th century.
Another permanent exhibition in Pavilion II. includes a tour of the authentic foundation of the foundations of one of the churches, tomb pits, but also the remains of historic palaces. The tour is conducted in a modern and very interactive way, inside is, for example, a projection, various computer visualizations, including the spoken word. In the premises of this exhibition you have the opportunity to see quality copies of jewelry and other small items that are exhibited there.
A part of the center is also a 30 meter high lookout tower, which will allow you to see the surroundings of the fort from a bird's eye view. In the area you can also complete a walking circuit on various visitor routes. You will have the opportunity to see in the field copies of stone buildings and foundations, equipped with information boards with descriptions of the district.
Recently, a border footbridge was built near the fortified settlement, which leads across the Morava River and connects the original wider area of the fortified settlement. For pedestrians and cyclists, a friendly route was created, offering, for example, a visit to the Skařiny nature reserve or the village of Kopčany near floodplain forests. The footbridge connects to other bike paths.
GPS: 48°48'19.3"N 17°05'10.2"E
Text: Vendula Hrabinová
Photos: Vendula Hrabinová, Wikimedia Commons: Tyssil
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