Poland – Holidays, Cuisine, Traditions
Are you about to visit Krakow, Warsaw or the Polish side of the Giant Mountains? Look first at what traditions are here and what you have to do good. Our neighbors have a lot of similar traditions and holidays as we do, and the kitchen is quite similar, but some differences could be found there.
Poland is a Catholic country where almost 97% of the population go to church regularly. Today it is a bit different and younger years are no longer as faithful as their parents or grandparents. Nevertheless, there are still many Christian events in the cities, children have optional religion classes in schools, some schools even go to a mass twice a year.
As for the holidays, the faith is related to the celebration of Easter and Christmas. These two holidays are trully fabulous in Poland. Easter starts with 40 days of fasting, just like with us. Fasting ends by letting the Christians consecrate the basket with food (bread, salt, pepper, sausages, etc.) in the church, and then they can celebrate. Celebrations are quite connected with food, when most cakes and lambs are eaten. Eggs are also decorated. Christmas in Poland belongs naturally among the most popular holidays at all. The Christmas dinner should be a total of 12 courses - fish, borscht, dill, desserts, etc. There is a hay below the tablecloth, which is the symbol of the birth of Jesus.
Polish cuisine is relatively varied. We can find here Central and Scandinavian recipes. Traditional and typical dishes of Polish cuisine are undoubtedly pirohy. Pirohy are similar to our dumplings, but flattered. Sometimes the filling (meat, mushrooms, spinach, cheese and others) is inside, sometimes the spikes are sprinkled. Other typical Polish dishes include sausages of various types. Each region, region or city has practically its sausages that taste and look different.
In Poland, you can also taste bigos or pickled food in different ways. A favorite example is potatoes, mushrooms, sauerkraut, fish or dairy products.
In Poland are also very popular soups, usually served with bread:
- barszcz (or borsch) – a soup made of red beet which resembles the one made in Ukraine and Russia
- czernina – soups made of duck broth and blood. The name of the soup originates in its black color
- krupnik – a soup with potatoes, groats and meat
- chlodnik – a soup made of cream and veggies, usually served cold
- zhurek – something like Czech kyselo soup, made of bread leaven
- flaki – tripe soup
Be sure to taste one of these!
The Poles also enjoy sweets and desserts of various kinds. If you are in Poland, definitely go to some bigger supermarket and go and see what sweets are sold here, you may be pleasantly surprised.
GPS: (Warsawa airport) 52°10'17.1"N 20°58'31.2"E
Text: Martina Koşar
Photos: Martina Koşar, Pixabay
Approximately 50 kilometers southwest of Krakow lies the almost 20,000-strong town of Wadowice, famous as the birthplace of Karol Wojtyla, later Pope John Paul II. Today we will not only follow in the footsteps of the Pope, but also look into history.
These days we commemorate the 75th anniversary of the end of World War II. One of the most important milestones in our history is remembered through a visit to the Polish city of Auschwitz, which is located at the mouth of the river Soly to the Vistula in the Lesser Poland Voivodeship.
After visiting the famous brewery, today we will head to the town of Żywiec itself. This city of 30,000 is an ideal starting point for hiking in the Western Beskydy Mountains, it also offers recreation at the picturesque Żywiec Dam and attractive sights with an engaging history.
This time we will set out to explore southern Poland, more precisely the city of Żywiec, which lies at the confluence of the rivers Koszarawa and Soła in the Silesian Voivodeship. We start in a local brewery founded in 1856, which produces one of the most famous beers in Poland.
The first half of the journey underground has fascinated us with its spaces and the legend carved in the rock, but it is not far from everything the mine offers to its visitors. So come go deeper, into its corridors and chambers, to places where crystal chandeliers and salty mining ponds glitter.
Jakuszyce village is situated in the Jizerske Mountains but in Poland, mere six kilometers by E65 road from Harrachov to Szklarska Poreba. People who love historic landmarks will be probably disappointed but people who love relax and sport will love it there. In the summer season, bikers can make a use of a vast network of trails as well as walkers. In the winter season, high altittude and climate make the area around Jakuszyce a great place for cross-country skiers. They can ride on 100 kilometers of ski trails of varied difficulties. These cross-country tracks in Poland are connected to tracks in the Czech Republic.
When one hears about Wieliczka, perhaps every one of us will come across the famous salt mine in southern Poland. This city of the same name offers tourists not only the beauty of their underground, but it also pays off to explore what it offers above ground. Before looking into the ancient depths, we walk through the monuments in the streets that remind us of the rich history of this mining town.
Oswiecim (Auschwitz) is the biggest concentration camp of Europe, where the final solution of Jewish question was let to its nearly perfect finish. The Germans murded there - in the course of 1940-1945 - one million and one hundred thousands of people!
"The Jews are a race which must be totally exterminated!" This is a quotation of Hans Frank, Governor General of Poland, occupied by Nazis. This sentence is expressing all. Total extirpation, this was main style of concentration camps. Even in Oswiecim, the Nazis murdered one million of Jews. So, even now, the Jews belong to frequent visitors there.
In our countries, the Middle Bohemian period is still often perceived as the Dark Age. But it was during these "dark" times that many of our greatest treasures of art created by such masters as Karel Skreta, Jan Blaze Santini Aichl and the Dientzenhofers emerged to light . And the glorious Baroque treasures, which were created during the Thirty Years' War, are also pride in neighboring Poland. Indeed, a piece of today's Poland was part of the Bohemian Crown.
The largest city of Poland and also the capital of the country. Only sledomly people imagine it an interesting place worthy making a trip. We were very hesitant if to go there at first. It takes 8 hours by train from Prague (for considerable amount of money you can buy a night train). A flight ticket costs around 3000. Eventually, we decided for the cheapest option – a day train ride (a return ticket costs about 1400 Czech crowns).
Church towers looming above your heads, dwarves at your legs, calm breath of history, quick pulse of European city. And squirrels, squirrels everywhere. This is Wrocław.
The fact that the Polish mountains are often neglected by the Czechs is pity. However, mountains in Poland are comparable to the Krkonose or the Tatras in Slovakia. However, some consider Poland to be cheaper. We consider it a must go!
Krakow - that amazing, charismatic, and historic city is so full of interesting landmarks that to spend only one weekend is almost like not being there at all. Maybe you have already heard that Krakow has been becoming the city of bars. Resutanrats, clubs, candy shops, pijalnie wódky… There is one place next to another all of them being great. Once you get enough refreshed take a look around. The Jewish quarter of Kazimierz, the old Stare Miasto, Rynek Główny, Wawel castle and the cathedral - the most sacred place in Poland. All of these sights on just couple of square kilometers - just enough to get to know it during a weekend.
One of the most visited areas in Poland - Lesser Poland offers a total of five UNESCO World Herit...
World-known old salt mines in Wieliczka belong to most visited tourist targets of Poland. The loc...