en.infoglobe.cz » SK, Cottages in the Tatras – From Past to Present I.

SK, Cottages in the Tatras – From Past to Present I.

Published: 24.1.2013
Perhaps every one of us has visited the High Tatras. Beautiful enchanting nature, noble and sharp peaks of mountains or crystal clear lakes give the place its unique feeling that you wouldn’t find anywhere else. Today alpine cottages enrich this scene. We will examine their history on the following lines.

Cottages as we know them today have undergone a long and and miserable process of evolution. At present they are usually used for purposes of tourism and recreation and they are becoming tourist attractions. Today we can’t even imagine a cottage without a cottager or cottage staff who would offer you a cup of sweet tea or some snack that would boost stamina before or after a trek. Some cottages have expanded so much they were renamed to “alpine hotels”. But first things first.

Pohled na Vysoké Tatry

From a shelter to a cottage
vytěžené dřevoPredecessors of present cottages were just simple shelters made of natural materials that were built by people, who came here for a longer treks, to have some shelter against bad weather and to have a place where to sleep. The history of such shelters goes back to the Stone Age. The then prehistoric settlers went there to make a use of natural wealth of the Tatra forest. They gathered fruits of forest and hunted animals. During following periods they created shelters that were more sophisticated and lasted longer. Numbers of these shelters gradually grew and it may be said that even first “shelter settlements” appeared. The reason of increased interest in settling in this area in the Bronze Age and Iron Age was ore mining. Later people settled here because of shifts in power etc. The Podtatranský people used valleys of the Tatras to hide from invasions. Later, the Tatras changed to a rural area and fields. Nature provided a good shelter from a sudden bad weather. During the interwar period lumberjacks built huts from round timber and spruce bark. We could name many such cottages. There are many examples but we will focus on cottages that were built on meadows. Later, these cottages were a basis for many Tatra settlements. The oldest known cottage was Csáky’s cottage built by Štefan Csáky, a large landowner, close to sour springs under Slavkovský štít. The cottage soon became a popular initial point for treks into nature. For its success speaks the fact that its owner built similar object that were a basis for later village of Smokovec village – today is is Starý Smokovec. Their early cottage histories have other Tatra settlements, as well. Tanranské Matliare had Loisch’s cottage, Štrbské Pleso has Josef’s cottage, Tatranská Polianka has Weszter’s cottage etc.
Smokovecká kyselkaSmokovecká kyselka
Which one was the first?
In this article we would like to present you the history of the cottages of the High Tatras. The very first two objects that served all their history only tourism and were not part of any settlement were the huts built in 1806 on Podkrivánská poláň and in 1823 close to Morské oko. Both were built in at the occasion of important visits. The first, built in the Polish part of the High Tatras by Eduard Homolács, was intended only for tourists. In the Slovak part of the High Tatras in Starolesnianská poľana in the mouth of Velká Studená valley was in 1863 initiated the construction of tourist cottage. Its existence is owned to Janu Jiří Rainer of Starý Smokovec. Written materials don’t provide any specific dates when it was opened to public, however, it was no later than in 1865.

Rainerova chata

The first tourist organization Uherský karpatský spolek (Hungary-Carpathian Association) was established. It planed allocation, design and capacity of planned cottages and, at the same time, it was a primary investor. Its finance usually consisted of charity gifts and fund-raisings. In the 1870s simple cottages without administrators were planned. Excursionists could lend keys in hotels or closest settlements in Tatras, or in Kežmarok, in the headquarters of Uhersko karpatský spolek. Initially, there wasn’t any specific fee, however, excursionists usually gladly contributed some money to construction of other similar objects. Despite first cottages had no administrators mountain guides performed as such during tourist seasons.

How the story continues you will know next week. We will talk about construction of cottages that didn’t last very long and also about cottages that are well-know today.

Text a photo: Oskar Mažgút



Discussion at the article (0)


Related Articles

SK: Belianska Cave – The Only Open Cave in the Tatranian National Park
Published: 31.10.2013
The Tatranian National Park offers many beauties. High and steep mountains, deep valleys, majestic falls, unseen beautiful fauna and flora and also beautiful things hidden in depths of the area such as various caves. Only one of them, though, is open to the public.

SK: High Tatras – Téry Cottage
Published: 28.3.2013
Today we move to Malá Studená valley guarded by Téry Cottage located in 2015 meters above the sea level. The monumental Tatras and Pět Spišských ples surround the cottage and it is here more than a century to offer you a touch of history, refreshments of the present and unparalleled beauty.

SK, High Tatras – Zbojnická Cottage
Published: 4.4.2013
In the upper part of Velká Studená valley behind the Zbojnický ridge there is Zbojnická Cottage, a building with a hard fate. Going to a visit there means tourism, mountaineering, ski touring or crossing of near ridges.

SK, High Tatras: Cottage Beneath Solisko
Published: 11.4.2013
There are many cottages hiding in the High Tatras. Together we will explore its youngest cottage that for decades guards Štrbské pleso and surrounding mountains.

SK, West Tatras – Žiarska Cottage
Published: 18.4.2013
Today we move from the High Tatras to Western Tatras where we visit Žiarska valley where popular Žiarska Cottage is located (1324 meters above the sea level). This position is a great starting point for any trek to the regions of Braníkov and Barance.

SK, High Tatras – Alpine Clubhouse in Stary Smokovec
Published: 30.5.2013
In Stary Smokovec in the High Tatras there was ceremonial opening of the Alpine Clubhouse in the beginning of May. It is a great place for everyone who likes being in mountains. The Clubhouse interconnects relaxation, knowledge and services not only for mountaineers.

Slovakia: The Most Beautiful Car-Routes, the Across Slovakia Series
Published: 25.9.2013
An interesting book, a book guide for car travellers was published in May 2013. It is called the Most Beautiful Car-Routes. There are 25 most beautiful car-routes in Slovakia. Would you like to have such a book in your library? Well, read on for you have a chance to win it!

SK, Low Tatras – Stone Cottage Below Chopok
Published: 10.10.2013
Today we visit the third most highly located mountain cottage in Slovakia – Stone Cottage Below Chook. Many people who love our mountains know it just as Kamienka.

SK, High Tatras – Hrebienok
Published: 14.3.2013
Our journey across cottages in the High Tatras will bring us today to popular place known as Hrebienok where an alpine hotel is located as well as an upper station of a cableway, great initial place for alpine tourism or once famous ski center that comes to live in the present from time to time.

SK, High Tatras – Bilík’s Cottage
Published: 7.3.2013
We invite you today again to the High Tatras, this time to visit Bilík’s Cottage that is popular among families with children or less physically capable tourists. The cottage is easily accessible and the pathway leading there is also easy.

SR, Vysoké Tatry: Past And Present Of Smokovce
Published: 20.9.2012
City of Vysové Tatry is in terms of cadastral area the largest city in the Slovak Republic. It consists by fourteen settlements, of which perhaps the best known and most sought after tourist are two villages called Smokovec.

SR, Štrbské Pleso: Slovakian Glacier Pride – VIDEO
Published: 11.12.2012
Every true Czechoslovak visited Štrbské Pleso. This Slovakian prides is located in High Tatras and is strictly demarcated by nature. It requires no physical endurance and despite cold it is a cozy place opened to everyone who comes to see it.

SK, Cottages in the Tatras – From the Past to the Present II
Published: 31.1.2013
In the previous article we began walking our tour of knowledge about cottages in the Tatras. We found out how they developed from simple sheds to regular cottages that are mostly parts of some settlements today. Now we will move a step ahead. We will examine the past not that distant.

SK, High Tatras – Cottage by Zelené pleso I
Published: 7.2.2013
In the eastern part of the High Tatras in the end of Zelené pleso valley there is the Cottage by Zelené pleso. This popular place is often called “Brnčalka”. The cottage lies by an emerald green lake surrounded by massive peaks of the High Tatras. The history of the cottage began towards the end of the 19th century. Come with us and learn about this cottage in the middle of mountains.

SK, High Tatras – Cottage by Zelené pleso II
Published: 14.2.2013
Dear readers, today we will return again to the Cottage by Zelené pleso. In the previous article we talked about its predecessor – Egida’s cottage, its construction, reconstruction and other hardships. Today we will focus on the fate of the cottage itself. The cottage remained until present something like a guardian of Zelené pleso.

SK, High Tatras – Rocky Cottage (Skalnatá chata)
Published: 21.2.2013
Today we will continue in our tour de cottages in Tatras. This time we will go to the Rocky Cottage (1751 meters above the sea level) that is located under the second highest peak of the High Tatras – Lomnický peak – and above the settlement of Tatranská Lomnica.

SK, High Tatras – Zamkovského Cottage
Published: 28.2.2013
In our journey across cottages in the High Tatras will continue even today. This time we move to the mouth of Malá Studená valley to Zamkovského cottage (1475 meters above the sea level) built by Štefan Zamkovský in 1943.

SVK: High Tatra Mountains - Long Weekend Full Of Adventure I.
Published: 19.5.2011
Just at the end of last year, I came to an understanding with my friend that this year's St. Valentine holiday we would prepare for our partners an unrepeatable experience in a form of so called „long weekend“ in High Tatra Mountains.

SVK: Safely On The Mountains II. - High Tatra
Published: 16.1.2012
In the second part of our series of articles on safety in the mountains we will deal with little Alps High Tatra, which are characteristic of their unique alpine mountains in Slovakia. Their articulation and slope are among the most dangerous pitfalls that ordinary visitors must overcome not only in winter.


Related Photogallery

SR, High Tatras: Nový and Starý Smokovec
We would like to invite you to a walk to Nový and Starý Smokovec which are part of the biggest&nb...


Related Videos

SR, Štrbské Pleso: Slovakian Glacier Pride
In a southern edge of High Tatras in Furkotská valley you can find a typical moraine lake. Thanks...

SK: High Tatras - Disastrous Year of 2004
Watch with us how the High Tatras after a destructive windstorm that ravaged this area in 2004. ...

Place

Czech republic

Partner:

Vyžaduje Adobe Flash Player

Partners:

We were awarded the certificate even thanks to you!

Dôveryhodná firma 2017

 

Guide:

Important Information:

Information and warnings on travelling abroad is to be found HERE.

Mobile application:

aplikácia Infoglobe

stiahnuť zadarmo pre Androidstiahnuť zadarmo pre iPhone

 

 

Today:tuesday 16. 7. 2019
Holiday:Luboš