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Spain, Costa Brava – Following the Footsteps of Salvador Dalí

Published: 29.4.2019
Salvador Dalí. A name that lives 30 years after the death of its bearer. This eccentric artist has left an indelible surrealistic footprint not only in painting, sculpture, photography and literature, but also in architecture. And it was in this area that it was most realized in its homeland, the so-called Wild Coast (Costa Brava) of the Autonomous Community of Catalonia in the north of Spain.

The Wild Coast (Divoké pobřeží) did not get its Czech name just by accident, it is an approximately 220 km long coastal area where the rugged rocky cliffs alternate with sandy beaches. Perhaps the most impressive example of the local landscape can be found at the easternmost tip of the Iberian Peninsula, in the Cap de Creus Nature Reserve.

Divoké pobřeží

The reddish rock formations of this cape and the ubiquitous, violent wind, along with the meandering, unpredictable paths create surprising images that do not even belong to this world. So it is not difficult to introduce a young Salvador (whose family the Cape regularly visited during the summer holidays) with a pencil and a sketchbook. It is also said that it was here that Dali learned of her romantic feelings for her future wife and lifelong muse, Gale Éluard.

Cadaqués cestou na Cap de Creus

maják na Cap de Creus

Cap de Creus charmed Dali so much that he built a house in the nearby fishing village of Cadaques, where he and his wife spent most of the year. Not surprisingly, Cadaques is now a picturesque pearl of the Spanish coast. The white lime-thrown houses, headed by an impressive Catalan church, are surrounded by a small azure bay, full of colorfully colored fishing boats. Near Cadaques is the village of Portlligat, which houses an unmistakable house with huge eggs on the roof, a clear sign that it is the seat of a controversial artist.

Dalího dům v Cadaqués

surrealistická výzdoba muzea s pro Dalího typickými vejci chléb je hlavním vnějším výzdobným prvkem Dalího muzea

However, if we want to look to the full roots of Salvador Dali, it is necessary to go to Figueres, the city in which he was born in 1904. It was here that he built his renowned museum and theater of surrealism and also died here in 1989. The museum was built from a former city theater building in which Dalí was one of his first exhibitions in 1919 and is also buried in his crypt. The building is decorated with pink plaster with sculptures in the shape of bread and a tower with gigantic eggs. In Figueres, thanks to this cognitive point, a visitor never gets lost, but the labyrinth of rooms makes it more than easy to get lost inside a museum.

průčelí Dalího muzea ve Figueres

GPS: 42°17'19.7"N 3°16'42.0"E

Text and photos: Barbara Nováková

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