SK, Pezinok – A Gem in the Small Carpathian Mountains
The picturesque Small Carpathian town of Pezinok is located approximately 25 kilometers from Bratislava. It is known especially for developed viticulture and long-term brick, construction and engineering production. Thanks to its convenient location, it is an attractive place for family life.
History of Pezinok
The first mention of the area in which this city is located comes from the 13th century. The area was called "terra Bozin". Pezinok was originally a mining settlement, but gradually transformed into a wine town. German colonization at the beginning of the 16th century played a significant role in this. In 1647 Pezinok gained the rights of a free royal town and during the 17th and 18th centuries it was extremely successful. It was the birthplace of renowned quality wines and thanks to that it was one of the richest cities in Hungary.
The flourishing of Pezinok continued in the 19th century, when it began to develop industrially as well. A factory for the production of sulfuric acid was established here, which was the very first in Hungary. There was also a needle factory and a brickyard. Gold mining was also resumed. An important milestone in the history of the town was the introduction of the railway, thanks to which Pezinok became the most important town in the wine region of the Small Carpathians.
The twentieth century was not the happiest for Pezinok. Due to the absence of a larger industrial enterprise and a decline in wine production, the city gradually began to decline. A large part of the population migrated to America and some kind of revival did not occur until after World War II.
Pezinok in the Present
Winery and brick production in Pezinok still works today. The city has a rich cultural life and regularly hosts important events, such as Pezinské vintage, Pezinský permoník, ceramic markets, wine and lavender, Little Wine Street and many others.
The city is constantly expanding and new residential zones with family houses and apartments are being created here.
What is Worth Seeing Here?
One of the most beautiful buildings in Pezinok is the Pezinok chateau, which was built in the 13th century. Despite many reconstructions, the structure of the ancient castle has been preserved on the building. The castle has been recently renovated and visitors can use hotel and restaurant services.
The dominant landmark of the Pezinok square is the Marian column from 1749. In 1952 it was dismantled and stored as a deposit in the museum. It was not until 2001 that it was reconstructed and placed right in the middle of the square.
The remains of a Jewish cemetery are also located in Pezinok. Originally it had an area of only 60 × 60 meters and to this day only a few monuments and tombstones have been preserved. Most of them have inscriptions in Hebrew and German, with the oldest tombstone dating from 1856.
It is also worth mentioning the Gothic house on Štefánikova Street. Like most historic houses in Pezinok, this one is a combination of commercial and residential space.
Many other cultural monuments can be found in the city - Renaissance buildings, monuments and other architectural gems. If you are planning a trip to the city, Pezinok is an ideal choice.
In the vicinity there are many bike paths through the Little Carpathians, pleasant paths leading through the vineyards and definitely worth a visit Rozálka area with horses or Kučišdorf dam.
GPS: 48°17'11.3"N 17°16'11.3"E
Text: Mgr. Katarína Zelinková
Photos: Mgr. Katarína Zelinková, wikipedia.org - Lad. Szeghö (1), Horakvlado, Lad. Szeghö (2)
Edited by: Infoglobe
In the south-west of Slovakia, approximately 25 km from the capital, there is the famous town of Modra. Historically, it has always been connected with the nearby towns of Pezinok and Svatý Jur, as well as with many important personalities, including one of the greatest Slovaks - Ľudovít Štúr.
Take a trip with us. We will go a short distance outside Bratislava, more precisely to the village of Zálesie (historically Gessayov), which offers interesting history, but mainly a natural attraction attracting thousands of visitors.
The collection of vines, the tasting of grape must and burčák are also inseparable from the colorful autumn. The last warm rays of the sun invite you to go on a trip. An ideal combination of both activities is a visit to the beautiful wine village Svatý Jur.
Last week we got acquainted with the history of the town and with natural or medieval attractions in the area. Today we will go for a walk around his sights.
In the western part of the Danubian Lowland is the village of Vištuk, which borders the cadastre of Budmeríc, Modry, Šenkvíc, Báhoňa and the village of Jablonec. Vištuk used to belong to the Bratislava County and the Modra District, but since 1948 it has been included under the Pezinok District and the Bratislava Region.
The village of Bernolákovo is located in the western part of the Danubian Lowland, on the floodplain of the Little Danube and the Black Water. Here you will find the magnificent Esterházy Castle, several unique sacral buildings or even the ruins of a medieval castle.
At the eastern foot of the Little Carpathians near the wine-growing town of Modra, the castle colossus Červený Kámen, protruding from the wooded landscape, will fascinate you from afar. You can get here either from the village of Častá or from the neighboring village of Píla.
The most amazing historical monument of the town of Pezinok is undoubtedly the Pezinok chateau. It was built at the turn of the 13th and 14th centuries as a water castle. And despite several reconstructions, the original appearance of the castle has been preserved. Thanks to this, the Pezinok chateau can be described as an impressive and unique building.
Once we rode on bikes from Petrzalka across the Pristavni Bridge along the Small Danube and across Vrakunsky forest we found ourselves at the airport. From there we will continue to our first place of interest the M. R. Stefanik Memorial.
As every mountain range, even Small Carpathians has its dominant peaks. They are above the surrounding lands. Peaks of these several giants make characteristic panorama of the Small Carpathians. They create visible dominants, they are orientation spots and give beautiful views of the surrounding landscape. One of these impressive titans of the Small Carpathians is Vysoka.
If you like tourism and beautiful trips come and join us for one easy walk to the Small Carpathian mountains. We start at Plavecky Mikulas village. There are several marked tourist trails going on into the landscape.
Many interesting places not frequented by holidaymakers are in the Small Carpathians. These are mostly hills with beautiful vistas to the surroundings that lure tourists to climb them. Vapenna Hill is one of the three highest peaks in the Small Carpathians and it offers beautiful vistas as well.
Last week, we concluded our article while at the beginning of the new bike trail Jurava. In its proximity, the Nature Reservation of Sur is located. It is also called Jursky Sur. It was hard to resist temptation not to turn off our trail. We eventually did so to admire unique marshland.
At the end of winter we set off to see the Natural Reservation of Rostun, in the Small Carpathian Mountain. We entered through the town of Plavecke Podhradi. All what we have seen is on the lines below.
Since the time immemorial people were attracted to high places so they can have a view over surrounding landscape. Observation towers emerged quickly in central Europe, mostly in the second half of the 19th century and at the beginning of the 20th century. There are countless towers in Slovakia and it can be claimed some more will be constructed every year.
The Small Carpathian Mountains are not the highest mountain range in Slovakia. Nevertheless, they have a lot to offer. There are many interesting and picturesque nooks. From some peaks there are magnificent views of the landscape. However, the visitor will be enchanted by deep forests, caves, or many rock formations along the ridges.
The Male Karpaty mountains is a very beautiful mountain range situated in the west of Sloavkia. There are many interesting paleontological and geological localities in the south of the range. The significance of this area led to foundation of a new Slovak geopark - the Sandberg-Pajstun geopark (SAPAG).
You may go into the Small Carpathians anytime of the year. Tourist trails will lead you to interesting places. In this article, we tell you about one of possible hikes in winter hikes up Skalnata, one of the seven-hundred-meter peaks in this mountain range.
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