en.infoglobe.cz » South Africa: Rich Africa Corner III.

South Africa: Rich Africa Corner III.

Published: 18.5.2011
In 1657, Van Riebeeck started to discharge their mercenaries, enabling them to till the soil. This fact meant a shifting in South Africa colonization process and, as a consequence, a creation of new Boers' Nation.

Hrad Dobré nadějeSuch operation caused a shortage of labour, and so, Van Riebeeck started to import the slaves from West Africa, Madagascar, Ceylon, India, Malaysia or Indonesia. Till 1807, when the slaves´ business was forbidden, the Province was imported with more than 60 thousands of slaves. Anyway, during 18th century, the Dutch hegemony started to be weaken, and, as a consequence of several wars, the colony was, in 1814, ceased to the British. Later, in 1833, the British cancelled the slavery definitely and rendered their officially help to representants of Kosa, local clan, including a right to ownership of soil. This fact caused a big dissatisfaction of Boers (the descendants of Dutch emigrants) and their collective migration into inland. At present, this operation is known as Jedna z turisty nejnavštěvovanějších částí Kapského Města - Bo-Kaap„Great Changing Residence“. As a consquence, two great provinces were established, such as: Free State and Transvaal. After arrival of British immigrants, the economy was stormy developped, thanks to the trade, especially with local wine, and the number of inhabitants increased three times as before. When Suez Channel was finished, the number of ships, navigating via Cape Town, dropped rapidly. On the other hand, the discovery of golden and diamonds´mines (finding places) in the centre of the country, enabled Cape Town to occupy again a places of the busiest port of South Africa.

At present, Cape Town is the second biggest town of South Africa, inhabitated with approx. 3,5 millions of persons. It is a capital of West Cape Province  and South African legislative centre (seat of National Assembly) at the same timeKapské Město.

Cape Town is situated among slopes of so called Table Mountain, which belongs to five most visited locations of South Africa. Its hill, it is completely flat platform, three kilometres long and 1086 metres high. From the top, you can enjoy splended outlook towards the city, bays and endless ocean. You can reach this place by means of rope railway, being in operation since 1929. Upstairs, a National Park is spreaded, home for more than 1470 sorts of plants and animals. Most of such sorts could be found only there. As a most interesting specialities - these are Silver Leukadendron and Disa Uniflora Orchid.

In Cape Town, you can visit also South Africa Museum, Good Hope Castle, Company´s Garden Hrad Dobré naděje kolem roku 1680Park, Government Avenue as well as another museums or galleries, following history of the city. Anyway, a special attention is given to the Castle of Good Hope, the oldest stone building of South Africa. Its construction begun in 1666 and lasted for 13 years, when it was terminated. The building served for bakery, church, small monastery, administration office or flat units. At present, you can find there Military Museum, William Fehr Museum Collection, Grain Cellar Museum, collection of ancient furniture, restaurant, offering local specialities as well as wines of the best quality.

Stolová horaCity Hall and Grand Parade - the oldest square of Cape Town, belong also to the old city centre. The place served as the first business centre and a place of unpatiently expected liberation of Nelson Mandela. This personality was inprisoned in near Robben Island, for long 27 years. City Hall was constructed in 1905 in Neo-Renaissance style with clock-tower, 60 metres high, reminding Big Ben Clock Tower of  London. Nelson Mandela made his first public appearance, when he left the prison, just on stages of City Hall.

Vila de TuynhuysSouth Africa Parliament Building is the other important house which is placed in the neighbourhood. Between Parliament Building and Botanical Garden, well known De Tuynhuys Palace of 1700 is placed, the first residence of Cape sovereigns. Now, a Presidential Office is situated there, not accessible for public. Just from this place, President Frederick William de Klerk declared the end of apartheid. On Wale Street, another jewel of Cape Town is to be found. It is St. George Cathedral - an excellent example of Victorian style, with marvellous glassed mosaics and subterranean chapel. Local inhabitants named it as „National Cathedral“, as during apartheid time period, the local door weas open for believers of all races. The figure of Jesus Christ is dominating in mosaic of central part of great green window.

Text: Maxim Kucer

Translation. ing. Jan Jonáš

Photo: Wikipedia.org -Andres de-Wet, Vincent Steenberg, Vincent Steenberg foto 2, Borisgorelik, Qfl247, PZFUN

Discussion at the article (0)

Related Articles

South Africa: Rich Africa Corner I.
Published: 4.5.2011
Distant South Africa belongs to richest countries of this continent, where quite strong influence of European civilization could be followed. And such civilitation put a base to its foundation. Anyway, in our new serial, you can get more interesting information.

South Africa, Garden Route III - Knysna
Published: 22.2.2019
Another part of our series of articles trying to bring you closer to South Africa will take us back to the beautiful Garden Route. And we would start straight to Knysna Heads and Knysna Forest. They are located near the town of Knysna, one of the most popular cities on the route.

South Africa, Garden Route IV – Caves and Ostrich Farms
Published: 8.3.2019
Today we will return to South Africa, specifically on a beautiful route with the poetic name Garden Route.

South Africa, Johannesburg I – To Art and History
Published: 15.3.2019
We will not leave South Africa even today. This time, however, we will not focus on the Garden Route, but we will head to Johannesburg, whom the locals lovingly call Jo'burg, Jozi or E'Goli, or the city of gold.

South Africa, Johannesburg II – The Surroundings
Published: 22.3.2019
When you decide to go to Johannesburg, be aware of the fact that it is a city with a very high crime rate, so it is necessary to be wary and not to risk unnecessarily. So put your smartphones in your pockets and feel your surroundings.

South Africa: Other Places to Visit
Published: 29.3.2019
Drakensberg which translates as the Dragon Mountains span on the border with Lesoth, are one of the most popular places for holiday in South Africa and also some of the country's highest mountains. The highest local peak is Mafadi (3,450 m). The Drakensberg National Park is part of the National Park uKhahlamba-Drakensberg. The many hiking trails through which the mountains are interwoven make them a paradise for hiking.

South Africa, Bloemfontein – Into the Heart of Free State
Published: 5.4.2019
City of roses. So they call Bloemfontein, the South African city of justice. It is also the capital of the Free State, the original province of Orange. The Free State covers an area of 129,000 square kilometers.

South Africa - Stellenbosch and Visiting Penguins
Published: 12.4.2019
Once again we have hand-picked some interesting places in South Africa that are worth a visit.

South Africa - Across Northern Cape Province I
Published: 19.4.2019
In today's trip to South Africa, we head to the Northern Cape province, known for its primeval wall paintings, off-road safaris, diamonds, and especially the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park.

South Africa, Garden Route II – Tsitsikamma National Park and Animal Observation
Published: 15.2.2019
Last time we started exploring a beautiful route in the south of South Africa, today we will move a little further and visit Tsitsikamma National Park, a great destination not only for those who like hiking but also water sports such as snorkeling or deep diving.

South Africa, Garden Route I – Mossel Bay
Published: 8.2.2019
Garden Route. This poetic name designates probably the prettiest route in the sunshine of South Africa. It stretches over 200 kilometers and connects the city of Mossel Bay in West Cape and the estuary of the Storms River in East Cape.

JAR, Pretoria – Purple City III
Published: 1.2.2019
Today we visit Pretoria for the third time and the final time. Yet we do not leave South Africa as such.

South Africa: Rich Africa Corner II.
Published: 11.5.2011
Nature History Museum, established in 1892, belongs to most important Pretoria Museums. Nowadays, this institution serves as a research and documentation centre of South African flora and fauna.

Do You Know That? South Africa - Drakensberg
Published: 22.7.2012
Drakensberg - a fascinating world of mountains, mountain passes and scenery, which are all under a constant theme to create a fantasy world of characters from J. R. R. Tolkien empire, whose birthplace is South Africa.

Senegal, Dakar – A Trip to Former French Enclave
Published: 3.4.2015
After couple of week we spent in Iran now we travel thousands of kilometers westwards, to Senegal, a small African country on the Atlantic Ocean shore.

Morocco, Casablanca – Pompous Mosque and Art Deco
Published: 10.4.2015
We travel to the north from Senegal to northwestern part of African continent. Our destination is Morocco, the country which covers around half-a-million square kilometers and where live 33 million people.

SAR, Pretoria – The Purpure City I
Published: 18.1.2019
Our trip today will be dedicated to Pretoria, South Africa. The name is borne by A. Pretorius, the leader of the Búur, who has greatly advocated the founding of South Africa.

South Africa, Pretoria – Purple City II
Published: 25.1.2019
Last week, we looked into one of the most interesting cities in South Africa and today we will continue. You can not just glance into this country.

South Africa – Across Northern Cape II
Published: 26.4.2019
In today's article, we will head back to the South African province of Northern Cape to visit other places of interest. The first will be the Goegap Nature Reserve, where you can enjoy a fun off-road ride while looking at the local fantastic flora. Local vegetation is typical of Namaqualand, a dry region that spans over 400 000 square kilometers spreading between Namibia and South Africa.


Czech republic


We were awarded the certificate even thanks to you!

Dôveryhodná firma 2017



Important Information:

Information and warnings on travelling abroad is to be found HERE.

Mobile application:

aplikácia Infoglobe

stiahnuť zadarmo pre Androidstiahnuť zadarmo pre iPhone



Today:tuesday 7. 12. 2021

TIP: INFOGLOBE app is available for your device, download HERE.


TIP: INFOGLOBE app is available for your device, download HERE.