SK, Herlany – Town Famos for Geyser
We travel to eastern Slovakia after a while. There we will see some unique places. The first one is Herlany town, about 28 kilometers from Kosice. The town is in picturesque land at the foothills of the Slanske Hills and the Herlansky creek.
The town is split to two districts Herlany and Zirovce. You can reach it either by bus or car, the latter being our choice of transport. It wasn’t a problem to park our car in the town. So we set off to explore it right away. The town of 300 people is known since 1487. The folk consisted predominantly of German immigrants yet they were Slovakized in the 19th century. In the 17th century, the history of the town was closely tied to its natural resource. Daniel Textoris made it known about its thermal springs. Many scholars studied the area and eventually spa was built here. The place was very sought-after (well, the sources actually don’t agree on this one) and there was only finite amount of mineral resources. This led to a new well which resulted in a world rarity – Herlansky geyser. The year was 1870, the town flourished. Hungarian aristocracy loved the park and some say that Francis Rákóczi himself visited the place. The glory lasted only until the WWII. The damage inflicted upon the spa hasn’t been removed since and people go there to bath no more. Gradual change in spa’s purpose led to the object being administered by Technical University Kosice. Today it serves to the purpose of scientific, social, or cultural events. Fortunately, there are contemporary photographs and also preserved sights like Dargov, Branisko, Gejzir or Hornad. These illustrate the history of the place.
We ourselves found out that a small park that goes into forest creates a unique background with surrounding structures which are with the spa. The main landmark is Herlansky Geyser. The park’s atmosphere is enhanced with sculptures made of wood. You can admire them while having a break sitting on a bench.
So what is so special about Herlansky geyser? IT is the only cold water geyser in Europe (even though I know about similar one in Germany or on Iceland). The geyser is very important as the fact that it is on a preliminary list of UNESCO world heritage sites. It was artificially activated with a human hand. It has been in operation since 1872. Its low temperature (14-18 degrees Celsius) is related to its location on volcanic hills with finished volcanic activity. The geyser sprays water spontaneously. We advice you to take a look at the official website of the town and learn about the upcoming eruption. It springs periodically every 32 or 36 hours. The whole phenomenon lasts about 25 minutes, depending also on precipitation. The height of the geyser reaches 10 to 15 meters. Also, there have been about 40 thousand eruptions so far and more than 20 million m3 of mineralized water got on the surface. Should you want to learn more about this unique phenomenon than you have to visit the Zsigmondy’s museum in Visegrád, Hungary. The museum holds information of exploration and also a model of used drilling machine.
We went on to see another interesting sight after seeing the geyser. The gothic chapel of St Peter and Paul built in 1859. Once it was a part of the spa compound. We also had learned couple of interesting tips for trips. For instance, we can take about two kilometers long trail from the town to spot height of Hradisko. There you would find a ruin of a 13th century castle on a tree covered hill. Nearby is also Male Brdo natural reservation with rare plants. Also, we could serach for minerals, mostly opals. The offers was very interesting but we decided to see another place. Which one? Well, you will learn it next week.
GPS: 48°48'3.31"N 21°28'41.08"E
Text: Oskár Mažgút
Photo: Peter Barna
Last week we set off to explore Slovensky Raj, the area between Smizany and Cingov villages. This part of the trail goes across meadows, forest paths and roads. However, there was greater challenge ahead. Prulom Hornadu is area known for is know climbing irons and safety chains.
On the following lines we take you to eastern Slovakia to the world-famous Tokaj wine region. We will not visit wine cellars, however but an observation tower unique for its architectonic style and vista it offers.
Summer is getting closer. It is the best time for tourism. We take you to a paradise, a Slovakian one actually. We start our trek in Smizany village. There also starts a nature trail.
The three-part series will introduce capital region Zemplin. Let's start chronologically with history of Michalovce, move the sights and contemporary narrative culminates in Michigan.
After a day in Herlany, we drove on the E58 road to Orechova, Sobrance district. We planned some winetasting and a trip to Morske Oko, which we did on the day after. How it all went you can read in this article.
Lets join us for a hike in Slovakian Karst’s beautiful valley between Hajsky Hill and Miglinc. There, Haj, a small village is located. You can travel there to Zadielska plain which is nearby or to Turnansky castle. Today, we visit another sight – Hajske waterfalls and cascades.
We haven’t visited Slovakia’s second largest city for quite a long time. We cme upon a decision to change this. We packed our things, start our car and drove to the east.
The metropolis of the east welcomed us with open hands. We saw its most beautiful thing – the Gold Treasure of Kosice. We inspected it thoroughly and with great deal of enthusiasm. Then we moved on to see other interesting galleries in the museum.
When we left the East Slovakian Museum we set off for a walk along Kosice’s pride – Main Street. In this street, the majority of the most important sights is located.
In case you fancy less known places in nature then today is your day as we take you to the mountain area of Galmus that is situated in the north of the Volovske Hills. The area is about 20 kilometers from Spisska Nova Ves and also near to Krompach.
About 3 kilometers from Roznava town there is Betliar, a fabulous small village. There is the most visited chateau in southeast Slovakia and also beautiful nature park the history of which began in the 18th century.
Today we move to Slovakia’s third largest city to learn about its beauties, sights and interesting facts. It is situated in the region which gave it its name. The city is also famous for the Shroud of Turin. Last but not least, the city is the place from where you enter diverse region of Saris. Maybe you have guessed what this article is about. Yes, it is Presov.
There are many beautiful places in eastern Slovakia, we visit one of them today. We stop in the town of Smolnik, Gelnica District. It has rich mining history, unusual architectonic sights, and it is surrounded with beautiful nature ideal to have a nice hike.
Not only beautiful straights, mountain ridges with beautiful views or colorful flora and fauna can lure people into the nature. Many interesting places are hidden underground. There are many interesting places in nature in the National Park of Slovak Karst. We will visit it today.
Do you love summer, sun, and water? Are you courageous? If so, for you we have one great advice how to spend active moments in summer. Call your friends, pack your family, and set off to a beautiful and unforgettable weir. You will have beautiful experience for sure.
Close to St. Elizabeth Cathedral, just in the heart of city centre of East Slovakian town of Košice, another jewel of Gothic architecture - St. Michael Chapel - is to be found.
In the northeast of the Slovak Ore Mountains there is the Slovensky Raj nature park. It was found...
Near the village of Haj you can find the amazing area of the Slovak Karst. There is a number of w...
Photo-trip throughout one of most expressive valleys of Slovak Paradise. If you wish to know more...
Today we take you to not that well known area of Galmus which you can find on the north of the Vo...
On the border of Presovsky and Kosicky regions and the regions of Spis and Saris there is a uniqu...
We lost our way once to the beautiful village of Haj during our trips across Slovakia. The vill...