» Southern Slovakia: Komárno - border town on the bank of the Danube I.
Southern Slovakia: Komárno - border town on the bank of the Danube I.
In the most southern and warmest regions of Slovakia lies the picturesque town of Komárno, where live about 36 thousand inhabitants.
In the eastern tip of Žitný (Rye) Island, near the confluence of the Danube and Vah, lies the town of Komarno, known only because of its rich history, many historical buildings, sculptures or monuments, but also because of ease and calm that the city exudes the visitor directly. Perhaps the only drawback as might seem to some the fact that Hungarian is there to hear more than Slovak language. Even most of the inscriptions, whether in stores, advertising banners or menus in restaurants, is written in two languages or even only Hungarian. Hungarians and Slovaks here, however, live in peace and tranquility, so after a short time you will feel certainly at home too. On the left bank of the Danube lies Slovak city of Komarno and on the right, just a stone's throw away, is the same Hungarian city. Home colloquial Hungarian therefore used to indicate the name of the Northern Great Slovak Komárom Komarno, Komarno or North. Both cities are connected by bridges - rail and road one.
The jump in history
Komárno has a very good strategic position, but the settlement of the left bank of the Danube was not so simple. Frequent floods, variations in the height of water in the bed of the Danube river bank or unstable, these are just some of the obstacles that had people living in this region in the past to overcome. Archaeological findings show continuous habitation since the Bronze Age. The Celts lived here, close by the Romans later, during the migration time then people here stayed Avars. After the collapse of the Avar´s empire, Moravian- Slovak tribes tried to conquer the Franks unoccupied Avar territory. At the end of the 9th century come into the Carpathian Basin, which they gradually managed to dominate, the Hungarian tribes.The first written mention of the settlements located in today´s area of Komárno comes from the 1037. Then the king Stefan gave ferry and fairground mining settlements to the monastery Bakonybéli. One of the most important historical documents was charter of King Béla IV., from 1265, which granted the city rights Komárno. The privilege of free royal town awarded to city Maria Theresa. It happened in 1745. At that time it was the fifth largest city in Hungary. In 1763 to the town came a devastating natural disaster. Strong earthquake victim fell nearly 300 homes and nearly 800 others were damaged. Since then, the earth shook this area many times, but fortunately disastrous scenario, never repeat. After the collapse of Austria-Hungary and Czechoslovakia split of the state border on the Danube not only historical Komárno county, but also the city Komarno. It was still for couple of years the Vienna Arbitration in 1938 joined with right bank´s Komárno. During the Second World War the city was bombed many times since 1945 and was again the Left Bank border town of Komarno Czechoslovakia. To the economic growth of the city has contributed the newly built shipyards, as well as the dynamic development of industry and especially agriculture.
In Komárno today you can admire many historic buildings, statues, memorials, and the largest, best preserved and most important fortress complex of the Slovak Republic, or the courtyard of Europe, which symbolizes the solidarity of the peoples of our continent. Where you should go when walking in Komarno, you can read in next part.
Text and photo: O. Maňáková
Komárno belongs, with its number of inhabitants (approx. 40000) among the first twenty biggest towns in Slovakia.
Not far from Dunajská Streda (near the famous Slovakiaring road) there is a refuge not only for felines - the Malkia Park. Today, we invite you to stroll through this unique park, which is primarily a rescue station for animals that were placed under inappropriate conditions.
Today we will take you to the district Dunajská Streda, more precisely to the village of Velky Meder in the southern part of the Rye Island. We will guide you through history, visit a few sights and of course do not miss perhaps the biggest attraction of the town - thermal water park.
Today we will go to the Nitra region for the last time. This time we will take you to the mysterious catacombs, introduce you to the amazing Ponitran cycle route and do not miss tips on trips.
When discovering the beauties of Slovakia, this time we will stop in the warmest, southernmost and certainly also the most tolerant city, which stretches southwest of the confluence of the Danube and the Hron River. You probably already know that in the following lines we will set out to explore the border town of Štúrovo.
The week has passed like water and we are returning to the southernmost town in Slovakia - Štúrovo. Today we will go for sights and tourist attractions.
Only a few kilometers from the border with Hungary, a city was established, which, thanks to its golden water, became known outside Slovakia. If you visit Hurbanovo, your local brewery will certainly not escape your eye and smell. However, did you know that just behind its walls it is a breath of history? So come along with us to see these two interconnected worlds.
Is there anyone in Slovakia who hasn't heard of Hurbanovo yet? This town is known for its weather forecasts or the golden drink that has been produced here for years. We have not missed our attention either. After visiting the observatory, we will take you through its streets today.
Komárno and its surroundings are an ideal place to spend a pleasant weekend. The first spring days are ideal for exploring places. When the sun is shining already, but still not warm, comes the most appropriate period for a walk in history and culture of this border town.
South of Slovakia boast with beautiful nature and interesting sights. Today we traveled to bit different sight – Mochovce nuclear power plant located between the cities of Nitra and Levice.
Today we visit city called the mother of all Slovakian cities- Nitra. We decided to spend some number of days in this city to learn about it as much as possible. It is spread over seven hills, and has magnificent nature, sights, and interesting history.
Last week we took a stroll in pedestrian zone leading to Nitransky Castle. We stopped at many works of art that depicted fame from the times of Great Moravia. As for architectonic gems, we visited a synagogue, and today we continue in our journey.
Last week we entered the castle complex together. We stopped on Pribina Square at Corgon’s statue many consider the symbol of the city. Who he was and how continued our trip around Nitra is about to be revealed on the following lines.
In Dunajska Streda district situated about 40 kilometers southeash from Bratislava, there is Gabcikovo town. The first document declaring its existance comes from 1102. In the town, there is a chateau with towers, or St Margarita Roman Catholic church constructed in 1397.
This time we will visit a small town whose name is mentioned daily in Slovakia in the weather reports. In addition to its predictions, it is also known for its observatory, which is the oldest in Slovakia and allows to uncover the secrets of the night sky.
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