SK: Svit – Bata’s Town I
Autumn is the most colorful season of the year and it is ideal for family trips. During one sunny day we set off to the town of Svit. We know about it that it is one of the youngest towns in Slovakia.
Prior to our walk in this beautiful town, we opened a book telling a history of this town. We were captivated by its short yet interesting story. We had learned that Svit was founded by Bata, a company based Zlin that was led by legendary Tomas Bata . The company bought lands from the town of Velka, in Podtatranska basin. The company intended to build a new factory that would produce viscous threads. The name of the factory inspired the name of the town – Slovenska Viskozni Tovarna (Slovakian Viscous Factory). Also the conditions under which the lands were sold were interesting. The most interesting condition was to employ mostly inhabitants of Velka. Another condition was that the office of the factory has to be only within the Velka’s estates. When the land was sold construction of many new family houses began. In February, 1936, the factory became operational. It had 90 employees and by the year’s end already 530 people worked there. The more the factory expanded the more extensive the family houses construction was. Larger factory demanded more electricity and better infrastructure. This caused first attempts to mine coal nearby the town of Strba, where 1000 tons of coal was mined altogether, or a rails were laid .
The rise and independence
In 1937, first schools and a temporary cinema were built on demand of local inhabitants. The first soccer field was made there until 1941 as well as a shopping mal, dorms, and other social-cultural buildings. Until the beginning of the second world war. Express train and busses had their stop Svit as well as an interesting bus line Wien - Krakow. During the war that lasted several years, harsh fights took place there fortunately concluding in liberating the town. In 1945, President Dr. Eduard Benes stopped there. Little did he know that the town would ask him to become its honorary citizen. The liberation took place on July 4, 1946. Until the year 1950, various adjustments were made in the town, such as an adjustment to the creek of the Poprad. It was regulated beneath the foothill of the Baba mountains. Next followed continuous construction of new buildings and improvement to living conditions of the locals. The patronage of this was in the hands of the factory. In this era the factory expanded to Chemosvit, it was now producing chemical and machinery materials. Later, it continues in the production of textile products. Also, there is considerable food industry that gives the town a good image.
We set off in the streets with so much new information we went to see the streets of this “Bata’s town”. Everywhere were the so called "Bata’s brick houses". We saw even an interesting educational trail. We went also to a popular bike trail. More about it will come next week.
Text and photo: Oskár Mažgút
Last week started an autumn in the town of Svit, and we will continue in it even today. We told you some basic facts about the foundation of one of Slovakia’s youngest towns. We walked among its typical brick houses and found there a mark pointing to a nature trail.
It is not much long since we have visited the town of Svit, famous for its Bata brick houses. Then we said that we would like to return here. This summer it happened. Instead of exploring the town we set off in the nature.
Last week we wandered in a royal city under the Tatras - Kezmarok and today we will continue in this visit. This time we go to the streets of the historic center, where we will meet with dominant architectural gems.
The Kozie Chrbty is an area rather unknown to fans of treking. On the other hand, it is a mountain range which you may find quite attractive for its vistas over the Tatras. We take you through the winter landscape around the highest mountain of the said mountain range.
Autumn weather is ideal for biking, so today we introduce routes that are suitable for the whole family. We head to the east of Poprad in Slovakia and from there pure adventure awaits.
When you hear Zlín, everybody could remember emotive story of Baťa Parentage. His trace is to be felt till now from all parts of the town. It is to be rebound from the walls of factories, in streets´ names or in a name of local University.
Tatra electric railway as we know it today, keeps only a piece of the rich history of this unique monument. In the following lines we look at the development of the first trolley in the world to contemporary electrified railway.
From the list of cities we traveled throughout on our way from Prague to High Tatras Poprad seems to be one of the most beautiful cities. Its beauty is even bigger thanks to a background performed by High Tatras, hanging above the city as some kind of poster.
This time we will go to the sub-Tatra basin, approximately 3 kilometers southeast of Poprad. Our goal will be the village of Gánovce, famous for the archaeological finding of a cast of the Neanderthal brain or the fossilized prints of the flora of the time.
After a short introduction of Tomas Bata in the previous work, today we will focus on his legacy in the form of business principles or monuments that he left us here.
Winter is getting over slowly yet there is quite a lot of snow there. This is the reason why we take you to the district of Mengusovce town sort of the gateway to the High Tatras. The village is situated in the district of Poprad close to the crossroad of the road E50 and D1 freeway.
In the first part of articles about Tatra railway we wrote about the beginning of its history and we learned about the technical world unique -"Tatra intercity trolleybus." Today we will focus on the modern railway history from the early 20th century to the present.
City of Vysové Tatry is in terms of cadastral area the largest city in the Slovak Republic. It consists by fourteen settlements, of which perhaps the best known and most sought after tourist are two villages called Smokovec.
As we promised in the last article, today our journey in the royal city Kežmarok ends at the castle. Kezmarok Castle, which was one of the few forts in the world that does not stand on a hill, hides many interesting and mysterious nooks. We will visit these in this article.
Last week we visited the sights of Kezmarok. The wooden church, the lyceum of Kezmarok, a new evangelical church, town hall and a museum housing culture. Today we are in our journey sightseeing continue.
In the last part we briefly introduced you to rich history of Kezmarok Castle. Today we will visit a unique museum. It is located in the castle and we recommend you to visit it very much.
Today our steps are directed to eastern Slovakia. To the royal city of Kezmarok that is not only a significant historical center of the region of Spis but it is also a place of cultural variety and unique personalities.
At Huncovska road by the royal city of Kezmarok there is a small, hardly noticeable building. It hides a mysterious history within. It is the oldest small water power plant in Slovakia. Today it provides locals with electricity.
Today in our wonders across Slovakia we move in Poprad to Spisska Sobota, a protected area of historical landmarks. We will explore its history which experienced rises and falls. Despite uneasy fate its artistic value didn’t vanish. It offers a unique look on lives of our ancestors in the Spis region.
Today we head to eastern Slovakia in the former village Strážky, which is currently part of the local Spišska Bela. Strážky lies on the main route between the Royal City Kežmarok and the previously mentioned city Spišska Bela. Known for its spectacular castle, an English park and a unique bell tower. And for these unusual sights pointed our steps.
Spisska Bela town is located in the north of Poprad Basin, below the huge Belianske Tatras, at the crossroads to Kezmarok, Stara Lubovna, Zamagurie and the High Tatras. In today's journey across Slovakia we will explore the beauty of this amazing town.
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