» Australia, Uluru – Mystic Mountain of Australian Aboriginees
Australia, Uluru – Mystic Mountain of Australian Aboriginees
Uluru is an icon of Australia. This majestic red monolith rises to a height of 348 meters and its highest point is located at an altitude of 863 meters above sea level. It is the largest single rock monolith in the world.
The name Uluru is indigenous, the Australians named it Ayers Rock. It is a very important sacred place for the Aborigines. The first European to see this rock was Ernest Giles in 1872. A year later William Gosse climbed on it and named the monolith after a prominent South Australian politician named Henry Ayers. The first tourists visited this place in 1936 and in 1958 a national park was established.
According to the Aborigines, Uluru was created by two boys playing with mud after heavy rains. The strongest spiritual connection with Uluru have the people of Anang. They also (and other tribes) left a large number of rock drawings on Uluru. The Anang people had long sought to return the land back to their care, which was not achieved until 1985. Although Uluru National Park, it is a place of indigenous property that the Aborigines hired for 99 years to a government agency that manages the park with them.
For tourists, the town of Yulara was built near Uluru. It is such an island of civilization in this hundreds of miles of vast wasteland. You will find campsites, hotels, restaurants, shops, a gas station or a post office. Most importantly, you can get free drinking water on the street at the information center here. Prices for goods and services are a bit higher, but still off-season acceptable.
We preferred to spend the night in the wild and we found one resting place, where there was plenty of space for other cars, but thanks to the irregularly growing trees everyone has their privacy. On the sand dunes you can reach a small hill with a nice view of Uluru. But it is necessary to have an off-road vehicle.
We stay in the national park for three days. More precisely 72 hours, for which a ticket of AUD 25 is paid. Because the park's full name is Uluru - Kata Tjuta NP, a ticket is valid for both parks. You can also get a map with information.
On the first day we set out on a 10.6-kilometer-long walk around Mount Uluru, and we can see it from sides that we might not even recognize in the photo. She is pretty old, geologists have estimated her approximate age around 600 million years. Due to the great temperature changes in Central Australia, we can find many cracks and caves on Uluru. The temperature fluctuations are great here - in summer we bake at 45 degrees, but in winter take your jackets here, because it can be up to -5 degrees at night.
Uluru is bigger than we expected and has something magical in it that still attracts us. The stone is strangely creased, as if someone's fingers were running on its surface. It took us 5 hours to get around this colossus - but not because it was so long, we just can't get enough of Uluru. This trail is not the only one you can do here. What else does this national park offer you can read in the next article.
GPS: 25°20'35.7"S 131°02'05.8"E
Text and photos: Jana Hejlová
The rock formation of Kata Tjuta lies about 50 kilometers west of Uluru. Both places fall under one national park and have a single ticket. The Australian name for this group of stones is The Olgas - after one of the rocks called Mount Olga. Along the way, Uluru shows us all the way again. Kata Tjuta is a group of 36 rocks, the highest of which reaches a height of 546 meters and its peak is at an altitude of 1066 meters above sea level.
If you really appreciate something about the fact that you visited Uluru in the Australian summer, that is, out of high season, then it is a minimum of people who had a similar idea to you. There are enough places in the parking lots, you do not push with the mass of tourists anywhere and you have your space in all sightseeing places.
Australia is a continent of opposites. The densely populated east coast contrasts with the barren red center, the snowy mountains with the desert, and the white skin of immigrant Europeans contrasts with the dark skin of the Aboriginals. Someone is attracted to Australia because it is so far away from us, someone just because of its incredible contrasts, but one thing is certain - it is definitely worth coming here.
Alice Springs is the most famous city in the red center of Australia. All tours that take place on the sacred mountain of Uluru (also called Ayers Rock) start right here. If you go to Alice Springs from the south, you will cross the border of South Australia and Northern Territory. Although you are heading straight north, there is an hour shift between these states.
In the reddish central Australia lies a very interesting city - Coober Pedy. It is famous for opal mining, which has been mined here since 1905. Before we arrive at Coober Peda on our way from Port Augusta, we also stop in Glendambo. Right from the beginning, we are welcomed by a sign saying that there are about 30 inhabitants and 2 million flies. We are also warned that the next gas station will be up to 253 kilometers away.
In the mountainous center of Australia you can visit the mysterious grouping of stones. The Australians named them Devils Marbles or Devil's Marbles. According to Aboriginal legends, they are the eggs of the Rainbow Snake. On the way from Alice Springs to the north, it appears next to you quite unexpectedly (after about 400 kilometers). These unusual formations can be found in the protected reservation of Karel Karel, which has a total area of 1802 hectares.
When you turn west from the village of Erldunda from Stuart Highway, you get to the Lasseter Highway, which leads under other names to Western Australia. From there, you can take road 3 north to Watarrka National Park. If you would like to continue from here to MacDonnell Park, you can, but entry is on license and only for 4x4 cars.
To the west and east of Alice Springs is the highest mountain formation in Central Australia, the Macdonnell Mountain Range with Mt. Zeil, which reaches an altitude of 1531 m. The red center of Australia is therefore one large red badge. There are several places to stay. Often it is fully equipped with no facilities.
Had I let go of my travelling job and choose a place to settle, Melbourne would be my choice. Why? The city is built and developed for the people. Not for buildings, industry, developers, and not even for tourists. It is built for the people who live there. Thus it is also one of the best cities to live in in the world. Don't worry. You can still enjoy it and leave with unforgettable memories even as mere visitors.
Fifth year in a row has Melbourne become the best place to live. Last time I guided you through its modern and busy downtown. However, not many people live in downtown- many travel there for culture and to work there. Let's take a look how other districts look like, districts where people actually live and dwell in.
Great Ocean Road. One of the most popular trips from Melbourne to the east. 275 kilometers from the city, there is one of the most iconic places in all Australia. 12 Apostles standstone rocky towers.
When I tought Hobart there was absolutely nothing going on in Hobart, Launceston at first seemed even worse. Soon I found out this sleepy town has many interesting nooks and can be quite interesting. Nice houses, brick factories, churches, brewery, a river full of pelicans, and a large city park which holds Japanese macaques. Moreover, Tamar Valley, a vineyard area, is just around the corner.
It is 9 p.m. Streets are almost empty yet you are in Tasmania's largest city which is home to almost quarter of million people. The reason is simple - the city is so vast nobody stays in downtown in the evening. However, it is quite lively and busy during the day. Still, this is a noise and business of a quiet harbor city where is no reason to hurry. Apart from rising number of tourists, there are no radiant tomorrows for the city iteslf.
I thought that I would not find a country which is more diverse than Scotland or Iceland. I was wrong. Tasmanie is an island south from Australia. It is almost as large as the Czech Republic. However, it seems like Scotland, Portugal, New Zealand all at once. Moreover, there are all kinds of animals you have seen only in documentaries about nature.
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