Greece, Sparta – The City of King Leonidas
We return to Greece again to see another less known place. Well, more or less...
When you see or hear the name Sparta most of you think about a Prague football team, well-known Czech cigarettes, or the 300.
In the times of ancient Greece, Sparta was a great rival of other large city-state – Athens. You can find Sparta in the southeast of the Peloponnese peninsula on the Eurotas river. Sparta’s golden age as we know it from popculture or literature, lasted between the sixth and fourth centuries BC. The city state had probably the best trained army of the Greek world. Soldiers wore typical blood-red chiton and the letter Λ (lambda), meaning Lakedaimón (another name of the city) painted on their shields.
Decline followed Sparta’s golden age from which it never recovered. In the Middle-Ages the area around the city long avoided Christianization and later it was entirely abandoned. The city was re-founded in 1834.
New and modern Sparta is far from what its ancient predecessor was. A small provincial town for a long time had been in the shadow of neighboring Mystras. The plans to rebuild Sparta were, however, grandiose. Greek King Otto hired German architects who made plans of the new Spart that would have wide boulevards and be a home to one hundred thousand people.
Today, less then twenty thousand people live in the city. Still, it seems that Sparta has risen from the ashes. Even though not much has remained from the old city you can still enjoy visiting it. I recommend you to start at the archeological site known as Sparti Lakonia. Most ruins date to the Roman period – such as a theatre, acropolis, or rotund. The remains of Athena temple date back to the 6th century BC.
Except archeological site you can see what remained of Sparta’s past in some museums such as the Archeological Museum of Sparta , které najdete v centru města. Muzeum vystavuje artefakty od prehistorie do doby římské nadvlády.
If you like art galleries, then visit Koumantarios gallery. It displays oil paintings of famous European artists of the 16th century until the present. And when you are there, don’t forget a place that would unveil the mystery of olive oil production – the Museum of Olive and Greek Olive Oil.
GPS: (archeological museum) 37°04'27.3"N 22°25'53.6"E
Text: Maxim Kucer
Photo: Wikipedia.org: Badseed, Praxinoa, Sailko, Sailko (2), KLS
Upon our visit to Litochoro, we moved several kilometers on. Our next stop was a typical Greek village with amazing nature, interesting architecture and amazing vistas.
This time we decided to set off to explore towns and cities in Greece. Litochoro was one of our first stops. This "stone town" is situated close to the Olympic Mountains.
Today we visit Greece's forgotten corner.
One of the most popular holiday resorts in recent years has been Greek island of Samos, the birthplace of famous Pythagoras. What reason stands behind large numbers of tourists coming there between June and first half of September? There are actually couple of them!
Last time, we wandered around the best beaches you can find near Thessaloniki. Unfortunately, these are not as close for you to reach it on foot. However, beautiful environment should do.
Last Friday, we visited an underground museum that is, honestly, not very interesting except for being underground. Today, our trip goes to other, more interesting museums.
After several articles on London we jump across Europe to the Mediterranean, actually to the east part of the sea. Today we will have a taste of sun after rains of London, and warm waters of the Sea of Crete.
Last week we have lured to you to our trip to Crete. This hilly island hides many things, no healthy tourist would miss that. Today we will take a look on one of the largest cities of Crete, Rethymno. First, we will talk about local cuisine. Next week will visit some landmarks.
After unveiling gourmet side of the Cretan city rise from the comfortable sitting in one of the local restaurants and we will explore the historical legacy left by several millennia of human habitation.
In Rethymno we have already spent a lot of time. We saw something of its historic heritage, even if there is yet much more to see. We just randomly mention some of them.
We left Rethymno. It slowly fades behind us. We travel towards Cretan nature in the Samaria gorge.
After Samaria we move today to Agios Nikolaos.
Last look at Agios Nikolaos and a trip to Spinalonga.
In today’s article we say farewell to Crete. This farewell is will be more in historc manner for we visit the most important landmark in the island – the palace of Knossos.
I go up a moderate hill to reach Asklepion where Hippocrates had his “office”. How Asklepios became a god? It was like this: Appollo, a god of health, wanted to teach his son Asklepios. He perfected heiling powers and thus became the god of medicine.
Kos is one of many Greek islands. It is a popular destination not only for Czech tourists. It is located in the Aegean Sea near the Turkis shores near the Bay of Koss. It is a small island – it is 45 kilometers long and 10 kilometers wide. The shore is 112 kilometers long.
The city with cultural traditions, with known rhetorical school (attended by Cicero and Caesar) and the famous sculptural school. Ever since its foundation (408 BC) the capital of the island is Rhodos, lies in whose northern tip.
Local people don´t call the island other way than tell Zante. This home of giant tortoises, not about a typical Greek island with countless historical monuments, but if you will go there, you spend nice a very pleasant holiday, at which you will surely like to remember.
There was a large testing staircase in the center of Asklepion. To ensure good reputation of the hospital, the patients were supposed to walk up the stairs to the sanctuary without any help. If some died, they removed his body quietly in the night so nobody would see it...
Today we travel to Greek island of Kos. I met there Iva, a nice Czech, so we travel together. On the ship are all kinds of nationalities – French, Italians, Germans, English, Hungarians and us, Czechs! It is funny that I understand almost everyone yet they don’t have a clue. Our journey is pleasant. It takes around 50 minutes.
In the first part of our journey across the island of Zakynthos, I suggested that this place is indeed an ideal holiday destination, but there are not too many attractions. It is waste to invite every lovers of ancient architecture, because frequent earthquakes destroyed everything in the past, what could be kept from the time of Homer.
The last and final part of our journey around the island we will finish in places where I had the opportunity to spend summer holidays - Limni Keri.
Based on Hippocrates the present Hippocratic oath was formed. Right in a shop I buy a papyrus with full oath in Czech!
One of the most attractive places on Rhodos east coast is Lindos, a city built in the rock. It has a acropolis and the temple of Athena of Lindos. The knights of the order of Saint John built the greatest local landmark.
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