Italy, Pisa – Campo Santo and Other Gems
In the first part on Pisa, we saw three main sights situated one next to another. This time we are not going far either.
Campo Santo cemetery also known as Camposanto Monumentale was build around shiploads of earth from Golgotha which was brought here by Archbishop Ubald during the Fourth Crusade. Thus, Pisa's citizens could be burried in holy soil.
The construction of Campo Santo started in the mid-13th century. The compound resembles an ambitus. The floor of the cloister is made of graves of Pisan noblemen. Walls were covered with 14th and 15th century frescoes but a fire caused by bomb shelling in the WWII melted the lead roof and badly damaged the frescoes.
Museo dell'Opera del Duomo is another sight situated close to Campo Santo. It has been considered one of the best museums in Italy. The museum holds invaluable items, among them amazing works of silversmiths, rich embroideries, tombs, statues, and paintings. Originaly decorating some of the buildings of the Campo dei Miracoli complex, many statues were brought inside the museum to be preserved for the future generations.
In ten minutes of walk you can get from Campo dei Miracoli to Piazza dei Cavalieri. Palazzo dei Cavailieri, is a palace situated on this square, constructed in the late 16th century by expanding its predecessor, Palazzo degli Anziani. Once the expansion was completed, the Order of St. Stephen were housed in the palace. Its facade is decorated with sgraffiti, coats of arms, and busts of Medici Grand Dukes. The entrance's grandiosity is emphasized by a double staircase. In the early 19th century, Emperor Napoleon founded . Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa, an elite school of higher education which has operated here ever since.
Be sure to take a look at San Stefano church, also located on the square. Giorgio Vasari, the man who designed the church, was also one of the founders of the history of art. The church was constructed throughout the 17th century with a break lasting severak years. Notice two side wings. These originally were used by the Order of St. Stephen's knights as changing rooms where they put on their ceremonial robes for services. The casette ceiling inside contains many paintings depicting the history of the order. On the walls are flags captured during Pisa's war with the Turks.
GPS: 43°43'22.4"N 10°23'42.9"E
Text: Maxim Kucer
Photos: Wikipedia.org: Luca Aless, Luca Aless (2), gabriele bartolucci, Sailko, Luca Aless (3), Gianni Careddu, Lucarelli
Today we go to a region where you will love to stay for as long as possible.
Arezzo is located mere 80 kilometers south of Florence. Yet this one is a destination often overlooked by tourists.
All of you must have heard about Francis of Assisi. The monk famous for his austere lifestyle founded the Minor Order known as the Franciscans which follows his strict rule of life in community and poverty. The saint's tomb is situated in this very town, the town of Assisi.
The romantic town of Montepulciano has saved its medieval looks, great pleasure for anyone who loves history. However, it is not known for history only for it is great producer of pork, cheese, honey, and mostly wine. Nobile di Montepulciano Wine is considered the best what Italy offers.
90 kilometers westwards from Florence there is the city of Livorno. Home to 160 thousand is an interesting place to spend a vacation at.
Lucca is a town of many lords in the past – be it Romans, Ostrogoths, Lombardians, Franks, or once powerful Florence, or Napoleon who made the town a gift to his sister.
Tuscany is magical land and is home to many amazing cities worth visiting.
Once Tibur, now Tivoli. The city of sixty thousand is located approximately 30 kilometers east of Rome in the Sabine hills. Emperor Augustus had once enjoyed this place. He sought shelter here from hot summer in Rome.
Milan is the second largest city in Italy and is known as the capital of fashion, sports, art, and business. We come here to complete our story about one of the most famous music composers ever - Giuseppe Verdi.
When you visit Italy, you have to taste some of the local delicious cuisine. But as food art also is an integral part of the soul of this country. Italians live with music, and the visit to the Apennine Peninsula can‘t not go without a seeing musical performance. And what is more than the world-famous La Scala opera house?
You will recognize Volterra right away because it looks over the surrounding hills. In good weather, you can even see the distant island of Corsica.
The Basilica of San Lorenzo in Florence is one of the most remarkable works of Western architecture. It also includes the New Baptism, the Old Communion, the Princely Chapel and the Medici Library. In addition to their architectural importance, these buildings also contain outstanding artistic treasures.
On this day we travel to Campania, Italy. Its mountainous landscape is situated in the south of the country and you will lvoe this region. The nature is amazing, history is rich, and food is addicting while everything is wrapped into the beautiful nature which is dotted with beautiful towns.
Last time we mentioned that Ravenna is the city of mosaics. Nowhere else in the world are there so many mosaics except for in Istanbul. Also, we mentioned that music festivals take place here.
Ravenna is one of the most historic cities in Italy. Between the years 402 and 476 it was the capital of the Western Roman Empire. Today, it is home to almost 160 thousand people. Every year a summer opera and classical music festival takes place here.
We return to Florence, Italy, to see other interesting places.
Last week we introduced you the Renaissance town of Siena and mentioned Florence was its great competitor. To make a better idea of Florence (or Firenze if you will), we together hit its streets today.
Siena is situated in central Tuscany, the cradle of Reneissance. Its people are often considered a nation within a nation.
Cinque Terre is national park and listed in UNESCO World Heritage Sites. You will fall in love with this Italian region. There are not monumental landmarks of antiquity or Middle-Ages as you may see in Rome, Bologna or Pisa. Yet still local atmosphere is splendid. Cinque Terre is an area consisting of five beautiful towns (Riomaggiore, Manarola, Corniglia, Vernazza, and Monterosso al Mare). Not long ago (in the 1960s), tourists almost didn't know about them. Even if they did, it would be very difficult to reach them, i.e. only by boat. Today, you may travel there by car but don't expect your ride to be an easy one.
Today we take another look at the beautiful city of Bologna.
Today we continue in our walks through Genoa, one of the main cities of Italian culture and history. In the last weeks we have learned something on Piazza Ferrari or Piazza Giacomo Matteoti. Today we look at another parts of the city, hopefully we help you to get in the mood for the summer and give you inspiration for prospective vacation.
Tourists often consider Bologna to be the most attractive city in Italia. One of the reasons for that is local great food which reached international fame. But before we get to it, let's take a look around.
You could have read about Italy, its regions and cities some of our articles. However, we have not written about one of the most famous Italian cities, Genoa.
The summer has arrived in our region with temperatures easily exceeding 30 degrees Celsius. The first week of June at a high temperature will cause many ideas for the upcoming holidays if possible spent at the sea.
The last day in Rome was the perfect day for a trip off the city. We visited two different places. After Villa d‘Este we decided to set off to Frascati. There is Villa Aldobrandini. Frascati is situated 20 kilometers southeast of Rome. A train departs from roma Termini to here regularly. The ride takes half an hour. But bear in mind that the train departs from a pretty remote platform. So don't go to the train station at the last minute.
We were about to stay five days in Rome. So we intended to make some trips around Rome. We received some advice at the visitor's center which led us to visit the town of Cerveteri. The town is situated in the Lazio region about 40 kilometers from Rome. It takes us about an hour by train to reach Marina di Cerveteri station (the train departs several times every day from Roma Termini station). Then you need to reach a bus stop (100 from the train station). A free of charge minibus departs from here to the historic center of Cerveteri (to Piazza Aldo Moro). The ride takes about 20 minutes.
We decided to leave Rome on Sunday for Tivoli, a town about 40 kilometers away. Formerly, this was a place where Rome's rich went to recreate because they had their summer residence there. Today, tourists are most intrigued to visit the magnificent Renaissance villa – Villa d'Este.
Join us in our visit to the heart of Italy and enjoy all its amazing architectonic pieces. Unfort...