SK, Zahorie Region - St Margita of Antiochia Church
What else we loved about the region of Zahorie located in west Slovakia? Well, where is the only preserved building since the Great Moravia empire? Answers to this question and others are in this article.
In the introduction we should mention where the region of Zahorie is actually located. People from more remote parts of Slovakia or foreign countries would at least get some idea where it is. In the northwest the region of Zahorie is lined by the Morava river running along the border with the Czech Republic and Austria. In the north there are the White Carpathian Mountains and the Myjava Hill Country . In the east there are the Small Carpathian Mountains . We visited this region, which is a real paradise for mushroom pickers, not for first time. In the past, we introduced you to, for example, Kunovska Dam, or beautiful Adamovska Lakes , a favorite place for fishermen, people having cottages and also many water birds visit it. Also we have visited pilgrimage site Marianka, old town of Skalica, interesting biofarm Priroda near Stupava. Also we have seen ruins of Pajstun Castle near Borinka. Also we took a cruise along the Bata Canal, which in the past served as a waterway for transporting lignite and for irrigation of the surrounding area and is now mainly used for recreational purposes. Today, we go again to this diverse region. This time we visit a unique church.
The oldest church in Slovakia
Our steps head to the oldest church in Slovakia that is included in the UNESCO’s world heritage sites list. We are going to visit the Church of St Margarita of Antiochia, located about 5 kilometers from Holic, and very near Kopcany.
You can find it on a mild highland near the Moravy. It is in the middle of fields. At first,it seems as a regular chapel. But it is far from truth. Along a narrow road you can get there even by car. It is the oldest church in Slovakia. It even does not have a tower but only a small cross. According to archeological findings, it is the only preserved sacral building in our country from the era of the Grand Moravia, in the 9th century.
Today this unique church is in the middle of the fields, but in the past there used to be a settlement guards who controlled way to Mikulcice settlement Valy. It is considered one of the seats mojmírovské dynasty in the 9th and 10th centuries, whose most famous representatives were Mojmir I, Rastislav, Svatopluk and Mojmir II.
The building of one navy has an irregular trapezoid presbytery. It is a typical sacral building of the era. Perhaps the only peculiarity of the church was the foyer with brick tomb. As regards dimensions, in comparison with other churches seemed to us that the church or extremely little. You judge for yourself! Its dimensions reach only 11.9 x 5.2 meters.
The Church of St Margarita of Antiochia is built of sand boards from local quarries. Wall thickness is around three-quarters of a meter. Original single small window in the form of preserved almost intact on the north side of the nave. External façade managed to purge Modern plaster. The Church, however, has a new roof with ceramic tile roof, which does not cause too historically. Visitors can not visit the interior, but the view from the outside in us left strong impressions. The Church of St Margarita of Antiochia is the oldest church in the Slovak and even though during its existence has undergone several reconstructions, the Great Moravian its essence has retained to this day. As recent archeological findings found out, since the time immemorial there used to be a burial ground. It is interesting that until 1994 the Church of St Margarita of Antiochia served several purposes. Currently ongoing archaeological research and restoration of the church, but after its completion should again serve its original purpose. Also, there Is tendency to create somewhat of a live exhibition of pre-Roman liturgy as a part of Mikulcice-Kopcany open air museum. Another interesting fact is that until 1994 was considered a little interesting Gothic building, they thought that it came from the 14th century and its possible origin was only some incomplete evidence. Since 1995 the church was declared a national cultural sight . In 2009, it was included into the World Heritage list . Since the last year, the church has been nominated also as a part of UNESCO’s World Heritage list.
Text and Photo: O. Maňáková
Záhorská Ves je obec u řeky Moravy na okraji Borské nížiny. Dostupná je třeba po romantické cyklostezce z bratislavského Děvína. A co vás tu čeká? Krásná přírodní scenerie v povodí řeky Moravy, zajímavosti hraniční linie, monumentální starý cukrovar i půvabné sakrální památky, a to vše jen 40 km od hlavního města.
We will go for the beauties of sacral monuments even today. This time we will visit the village of Čáry in the northern part of the Záhorská lowland. It is located in the valley of the river Myjava, about 22 km from the district town Senica. It is adjacent to the important pilgrimage town of Šaštín-Stráže or the village of Gbely, a famous oil field.
Last week we learned about the Trnava region from a height, we invited you to nature and visited a medieval ruin. Today we are going for a walk through exceptional cities.
Last week, we set off from Jablonica town, crossed the locality of Dubrava, climbed Lipovy Hill and reach Cerova-Rozbehy district. There we visited a beautiful observation tower. Then we traveled into the Middle-Ages because we visited Castle Korlatka.
Today we take you to the mouth of the Small Carpathian mountains to the town of the name of Jablonica.
After several weeks, more or less spent at home watching television because I during a crazy ride on motor bikes fractured ribs, I could no longer wait for the next trip. On long trips my body still did not dare, so we decided that we go somewhere to water.
Beautiful Adamovska lakes belong to the Gbely town disctrict. The lakes are popular mostly among people that want to recreate and people who own cottages. Also several thousand water birds made this place their oasis. A visitor can observe them from nearby observation post.
Today, we travel to the region of Zahori. There we visit the town of Holic which holds a unique Baroque/classicist chateau, megaliths, and last but not least a windmill, our main destination for today.
Everyday working duties, looking after household and a family, all these activities form only a part from a complex of things we have to do daily. Moreover, when we add to such activities the settlements of tasks in offices or daily drive inside overcrowded means of transport, it could frequently happen that we do not have any liking to leave the home.
The town of Marianka is located few kilometers from Bratislava, in south Zahorie. People know it mostly as a place of pilgrimage. But we will talk about it as of a mining town or place for easy tourism and biketourism.
Pleasant spring temperatures lure people to spend some time in nature. Very often inhabitants of Bratislava, and not just them, visit the ruins of Pajstun Castle in the Small Carpathians. Today, we will visit it together.
The antique town of Skalica hides many noticeable landmarks as well as one gastronomic specialty – a hollow cake called Skalicky trdelnik. In 2007, it received the European Union trademark as the first Slovak food product.
Enchanting town of Skalica lies on southwestern corner of Slovakia. The Town is known for its historical sights, tradition of vinery and its local specialty – Skalický trdelník (a type of sweet snack made from meal). Except for these attractions and beauties of nature of near Chvojnická Hilly Area, the locality can offer visitors also an unusual tourist attraction – the Baťa Canal.
Baťa Canal is probably the most popular water way in Moravia. We took advantage of one of pleasant days of so called "Indian Summer" and passed on sightseeing ship its final section from Strážnice (Moravia) up to Skalica (Slovakia).
Today we will together experience an unforgettable cruise along the Bata Channel, which in the past served as a waterway for the transport of lignite from Ratiskovice lying near Skalice, to the distant Otrokovice, but also for irrigation of the surrounding area. Currently it used primarily for recreational purposes. Used for ship passenger with a predominance of sightseeing cruises.
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